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Using the Technology of the Gecko

 

 

Does the GripGo Phone Mount work?

A gecko is an amazing lizard that can stick to almost any surface, even when inverted on a mirrored ceiling. It is able to do this because of an amazing foot design.

The ribbed pads on the bottom of the gecko’s feet are covered with very tiny hair like bristles called setae. These setae (1/10th mm long) are packed tightly together (three million per square inch or 5,000 per square millimeter), and each seta has about 400 to 1,000 branches that resemble tiny (0.2-0.5 microns or less than 1/50,000 in. long) spatula-shaped prongs.

It appears that the sticking power of the setae is due to weak short-range bonds between molecules, known as Van der Waals forces. One of the requirements for these weak forces to work is a very large contact area between the foot and surface. The huge number of spatula on the foot provides the needed contact. Millions of weak forces add up to a very strong force.

Biologists and engineers tested the adhesive force of one seta and found it was strong enough to hold up an ant. A million setae could carry the weight of a small child!

The gecko must also be able to unstick his foot quickly as it walks – after all, what good is a sticky foot if you can’t move? By using a complicated blood reservoir system, see an article we wrote called The Grand Design of a Gecko, and uncurling and unpeeling of its toes, the gecko is able to walk or run along!

 

GripGo Technology

Today, scientists and engineers have been inspired by the ‘natural technology of gecko foot hairs’ and developed ‘remarkably effective adhesives’. Two robot ‘champion climbers’ have been developed with sticky feet that walk the way geckos do by using an uncurling and unpeeling action.

I recently bought, “as seen on TV,” the GripGo-Phone-Mount. It has a large suction cup that attaches to your windshield. On the end of a swivel mechanism, it has a green sticky adhesive pad to which you are able to stick a mobile phone, Ipod, or other smooth device.  To remove you ‘simply’ lift from one side and peel the device off. How is this possible? The manufacture claims that “The secret is a unique polymer surface that acts as millions of suction cups that instantly grip and release over and over again.” In other words – Gecko Technology.  And it works … if you keep the sticky surface clean! Amazingly, the gecko’s feet are self-cleaning. Scientists are still trying to find out how geckos do that.

Once again, whether they recognize it or not, many scientists and engineers are looking to God’s designs in nature for solutions to modern day problems.

 

Lanny Johnson

If you would like to see if an AOI seminar is right for you, or you would like to help the work of Alpha Omega Institute, please visit our website events page or our donate page. Keep up to date with what AOI is doing.  Thanks for your partnership.

Scientific Laws and the Big Bang

 

Has Science and the Scientific Method been misused? The following is an excerpt taken from “Truth and Science – Is Real Science At Risk?” an article by Dr. Arv Edgeworth*.  Ponder the questions he poses at the end, and consider – are these viable questions that should be asked, and if they are being asked today or have been asked in the past?

The Origin of Space, Time, Matter, and Energy

The idea that space, time, matter, and energy have always existed has been pretty much rejected by the scientific community, because the Second Law of Thermodynamics  indicates matter and energy are deteriorating.  Matter and energy would have already reached maximum decay by now, so just about everyone no longer considers that idea a viable possibility.  Almost all scientists today believe the universe had a beginning.

Northern Illinois University – Department of Biological Sciences states it this way: “Starting from the beginning, as it is currently thought of:  the Universe came into being about 15 billion years ago, with the sudden appearance of all the matter and energy in the Universe as a single very hot and dense point: the Big Bang.  How this happened, and what came before, is a matter of complete speculation.  Our history began then, and we have no scientific evidence of anything before then.”

But what about the idea that at one time there was a state of absolute “nothingness”?  It is now determined that the universe had a beginning.  At one point there was no space, time, matter, or energy. 

Newton’s Law of Inertia

This law indicates that if something is in a state of rest, it will remain in that state, unless acted upon by an outside agent.  If something is in uniform motion in a straight line, it will remain in that state unless it is compelled to change that state by forces impressed upon it from without, such as gravity.

At one point there was supposed to be a state of perfect “nothingness,” or perfect “rest.”  According to the Law of Inertia, that should not change unless it is acted upon by an outside force, or agent, when supposedly none existed. 

The Law of Cause and Effect

The Law of Cause and Effect is one of the best documented principles of science and of everyday experience.  “Behind every effect is a cause, greater and more complex than the effect itself.”  The proposal of the Big Bang Theory indicates an effect only.  What is that “cause” that is greater and more complex than the effect itself?

Are these reasonable questions that should be asked?

1. “Scientifically, can you have an explosion without energy?”

2.  “If there was no matter, what exploded?”

3.  “According to the First Law of Thermodynamics , can something come from nothing?”

 

These are good questions Dr. Arv Edgeworth has posed. A question I would add – is the evolutionary cosmology of the Big Bang based on Science or on Faith?

Some suggested further reading on these Laws of Science can be found at:

 

*www.truthandscience.net

 

Lanny Johnson

If you would like to see if an AOI seminar is right for you, or you would like to help the work of Alpha Omega Institute, please visit our website events page or our donate page. Keep up to date with what AOI is doing.  Thanks for your partnership.

Why all the hype about finding water on Mars?

 

Why all the hype about finding water on Mars? Below are some quotes from articles about finding evidence of water on Mars.

 

“Mars once had conditions favorable for microbial life, NASA scientists announced”

“It shows veins of sediments that scientist believe were deposited under water and was an environment once hospitable to life.”

“We have found a habitable environment that is so benign, and supportive of life, that probably if this water was around and you had been on the planet, you would have been able to drink it,”

“The question about habitability goes just beyond the simple observation of water on Mars to recreating the environments in greater detail, with an understanding of the chemistry that was going on at that time, to ask if this is the kind of place that micro-organisms could’ve lived,”

“There is life virtually wherever there is liquid water on Earth, and the possibility that there were once oceans on Mars leads many to wonder if life ever evolved on Mars and, if so, whether it might be extant. Answering these questions might help shed light on how common life may or may not be in the rest of the universe.”

 

It seems to me these people are wanting to find water on Mars so they can speculate if life evolved there, since we know it cannot evolve here on earth.  Where there is water, there must be life… right?  Not necessarily.  Through decades of scientific research, scientists have developed the ‘Law of Biogenesis,’ which states that life can only come from pre-existing life.  People used to believe in the myth, or faith statement, of abiogenesis (spontaneous generation), but science has disproven this false idea.

So the only way life could be on Mars is either it was brought there from earth by our Mars rovers or space probes for example, somehow the material from earth made its way there, or God created it there.  I doubt the truth of the latter idea, because as I study Scripture, I do not see any indication of God making life anywhere else in the universe except here on earth.   But with the scientific knowledge provided by the ‘Law of Biogenesis,’ we know it could not have evolved there.

 

Rich Stepanek

If you would like to see if an AOI seminar is right for you, or you would like to help the work of Alpha Omega Institute, please visit our website events page or our donate page. Keep up to date with what AOI is doing.  Thanks for your partnership.

Water on Mars!

 

Lately there have been a number of articles on the web, tv, and in newspapers, stating: Flowing Water on Mars? Strange Red Planet Features Stir Debate; Mars Water Mystery: NASA Rover’s Ancient Streambed Discovery Is the Latest ClueThe 2,000-pound Mars rover, Curiosity, has been sending back information and images of what looks like sedimentary rock layers that were laid down by water. Also, what looks like evidence for an ancient, flowing stream on Mars, as well as evidence of lakes and oceans.

They are excited about this information, and rightfully so, but it should not be unexpected or surprising.  As we study Genesis chapter one, God makes everything directly or indirectly out of water.  So with this knowledge, we should see evidence that at one time there was probably an abundance of water on Mars.  Today, water on Mars is usually only in the solid or gaseous state, and not in the liquid state, because of the planet’s low atmospheric pressure being about 1/100th of Earth’s.  With this low pressure, liquid water will not last long on the planet’s surface. So there is evidence that at one time there was liquid water on the surface of Mars. But why all the hype? We will touch on this with my next blog.

 

Richard Stepanek

If you would like to see if an AOI seminar is right for you, or you would like to help the work of Alpha Omega Institute, please visit our website events page or our donate page. Keep up to date with what AOI is doing.  Thanks for your partnership.

Answered Prayers

 

Last summer we took our 6 year old (at that time) grandson to a local Bible camp where we were teaching. We were blessed to be able to lead him to the Lord that week. We were also blessed to be there for his professing his faith through baptism just last month.

Last Easter our oldest granddaughter (now 6 years old) gave her life to the Lord, and this past Sunday at her church she went forward requesting baptism. She will be baptized on Easter morning!

This is answered prayer for me and my wife. You see, I never prayed for my children’s salvation, because both were saved before I became a believer. However, since I put my faith and trust in Jesus, I have continuously prayed for my grandchildren, that they might also accept the saving grace of Jesus Christ.

God has answered my prayers for three of my grandchildren! The remaining two are still very young, but I will continue to pray for them!

 “Children’s children are the crown of old men;” Pr 17:6a

 

Lanny Johnson

If you would like to see if an AOI seminar is right for you, or you would like to help the work of Alpha Omega Institute, please visit our website events page or our donate page. Keep up to date with what AOI is doing.  Thanks for your partnership.

Dawkins Becomes a Creationist??

 

I recently read a blog article entitled, “Dawkins becomes a Creationist.”

The title certainly jerked my head into reading position as I had great hopes that the prolific, atheism-promoting writer, Richard Dawkins, saw the true light. However, the blog article was written by Dr. Karen Dawkins who, as an evolutionist, evolved into a creationist during her college years as a result of seeing evidence for creation and the problems with evolution. She later received her Doctorate from veterinary school, practiced small animal medicine, had a small animal emergency practice, and worked as a pathologist in a toxicology research laboratory.

One creature she mentioned as having had an impact on her thinking is the amazing woodpecker. It also opened up many other unanswered issues of evolution.

She is not the only one who had to give up on evolution after contemplating the tremendous design of the woodpecker. Lanny Johnson, who heads up the children’s department with his wife, Marilyn, also had to come to grips with the implications of the design of the woodpecker, after hearing Mary Jo talk about it at one of our seminars many years ago. It was the door opening for him to re-evaluate his 20 years of Atheism.

I would hope that the remarkable design of the woodpecker, that is so obvious, would continue to peck many more holes in evolutionary philosophy and turn many minds and hearts to our Creator God .

 

Dave Nutting

If you would like to see if an AOI seminar is right for you, or you would like to help the work of Alpha Omega Institute, please visit our website events page or our donate page. Keep up to date with what AOI is doing.  Thanks for your partnership.

Dr. Duane Gish

 

I am sad to report that one of the key leaders in the Creation ministry passed away last week on March 6.

Dr. Duane Gish will certainly be remembered by Mary Jo & I. His book, Evolution, The Fossils Say No, changed our lives. Mary Jo & I believed in evolution years ago, when we picked up his book on the fossil record. That caused us to really begin thinking for ourselves, reevaluate our perspective, do our own research, and then led us not only to reject our beliefs in evolution, but eventually to embark on telling others through our ministry with Alpha Omega Institute. Dr. Gish always liked to have us share that when we were together at a ministry event. He’d say, “Tell them about my book.”

Dr. Gish was also noted as being Creation’s “Bulldog” as he championed the cause through hundreds of debates with evolutionists. He caught many challengers off guard with his encyclopedic scientific knowledge of evolution and what was wrong with the latest evolutionary arguments. Many evolutionists began to warn others that they should not debate Dr. Duane Gish as they would certainly not win.

Mary Jo & I were not only blessed by his extreme intellectual abilities, but also with his friendship over the years, his love of the Lord Jesus, as well as his contagious humor.

I am sure that we are not alone. Many people have also been impacted by his original book as well as the later editions, through his debates, his seminars, and through his life. The abundant fruit of his ministry will be quite noticeable in Heaven.

We certainly will miss this great man of God who changed our lives!

 

Dave Nutting

If you would like to see if an AOI seminar is right for you, or you would like to help the work of Alpha Omega Institute, please visit our website events page or our donate page. Keep up to date with what AOI is doing.  Thanks for your partnership.

A Thought on the Recent Quasar Cluster Discovery

 

Credit: ESO, Digitized Sky Survey 2 and S. Cantalupo (UCSC)

Astronomy is a fascinating field of science, as are other branches of science.  New discoveries are being made which challenge old theories and develop new ones.  We have seen this trend through history, for example, the once believed Law of Abiogenesis where scientists believed dead material would evolve into life.  This idea was held to be true for many centuries, that is until scientists like Louis Pasteur and others debunked this theory and through scientific research formulated the Law of Biogenesis.  This law states that life can only come from pre-existing life.

A new discovery in astronomy may have a similar effect.  The largest object in the universe, a large group of quasars, has been found by astronomers.  This large group of quasars is called the Large Quasar Group and it is four times larger than it should be.

Below are some quotes from the article.

“It is so massive that it might prove tricky for the Cosmological Principle, established by Einstein, that on very large scales the universe looks the same no matter where you observe it from.”

“Even travelling at the speed of light, it would take 4 billion years to cross. This is significant not just because of its size but also because it challenges the Cosmological Principle, which has been widely accepted since Einstein. Our team has been looking at similar cases which add further weight to this challenge and we will be continuing to investigate these fascinating phenomena.”

We must be careful in placing our trust in the wisdom of man, because as we discover new information, the old ideas and theories are many times revealed to be false.

 

Rich Stepanek

If you would like to see if an AOI seminar is right for you, or you would like to help the work of Alpha Omega Institute, please visit our website events page or our donate page. Keep up to date with what AOI is doing.  Thanks for your partnership.

The Evolutionist’s Head

 

Do you have to have your head in the clouds to be an evolutionist?

Paul Salopek is about to start on a 21,000 mile walk from Africa to South America. The following quote is part of an article in the Portland Oregonian. (Jan 11, 2013)

“The Ethiopia to Chile walk, which took human ancestors 50,000 years to make is called Out of Eden…”

The idea that it took fifty thousand years for our ancestors to make this walk has become standard evolutionist doctrine. Modern evolutionists could walk it themselves in a year or so. Salopec himself is 50 years old, so he obviously expects to make the trip in far less than fifty thousand years. Why do so many believe it took their ancestors fifty thousand years?

Evolutionists generally believe that people came from Africa, and that the ancient people were not as evolved as we are today. One belief fed another and many now believe that fifty thousand years passed before some people walked out of Africa. But what if people were created by God, and are not apes that grew up?

When evolutionists consider the billions of years that they believe the earth has been here, fifty thousand years is hardly more than the blink of an eye. The other side of their mind, however is trusting that the people who lived before us were so poorly evolved that a walk which would take a 50 year old modern guy a few months, or at worst a few years, must have taken his ancestors 50,000 years!

How many years will pass before evolutionists’ minds have evolved to the point that they understand that ideas like this don’t go with the evidence? What if the evidence is right, and people did not evolve from apes, but were created by God as people? That would also explain the lack of the transitional fossils which evolutionists believe should show the basic kinds of animals changing to become newer basic kinds. (apes to people) After all the years since Darwin, animals can still be classified. Even the atheists who read this can tell an ape from a person and a monkey from a donkey. The evidence does not show old basic kinds gradually becoming new basic kinds.

 

Please feel free to use this article in any way you wish: your publication, radio program, website, forward it to your list, or to atheists and evolutionists you would like to help.

 

Tom Heinze

heinze@hevanet.com

If you would like to see if an AOI seminar is right for you, or you would like to help the work of Alpha Omega Institute, please visit our website events page or our donate page. Keep up to date with what AOI is doing.  Thanks for your partnership.

Shark Skin Inhibiting Bacteria

 

In 2002, the U.S. Office of Naval Research hired Dr. Anthony Brennan, a materials science and engineering professor at the University of Florida, to find new antifouling methods to reduce use of toxic antifouling paints and trim costs connected with dry dock and drag.1   Dr. Brennan felt that using an engineered topography could be a key to new antifouling technologies.

While visiting the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor in Oahu, Dr. Brennan and several co-workers observed an algae-coated nuclear submarine entering port. To Dr. Brennan the submarine looked like a whale lumbering into the harbor, causing him to ponder which slow moving marine animals don’t foul. The answer seemed to be the shark.

Dr. Brennan took an actual impression of shark skin (its dermal denticles) and, after examining the impression with scanning electron microscopy, he discovered that shark skin denticles are arranged in a distinct diamond pattern with tiny riblets. The ribs’ width-to-height ratios corresponded to his mathematical model for roughness – one that Dr. Brennan felt would discourage microorganisms from settling.

Sharklet pattern and shark skin

Using this information, Dr. Brennan and Sharklet Technologies developed Sharklet, a patented, microscopic pattern. The first test of Sharklet reduced green algae colonization by 85 percent compared to smooth surfaces.

Sharklet has also proven to be a surface upon which bacteria do not like to grow … a mighty defense against bacteria. Research suggests that Sharklet keeps biofilms from forming because the pattern requires too much energy for bacteria to colonize, resulting in bacteria finding another place to grow or simply dying.

Sharklet Technologies, using Sharklet, have had success in inhibiting the growth of Staph a., Pseudomonas aeruginosa, VRE, E. coli, MRSA and other bacterial species that cause illness and even death.

Sharklet Technologies have developed and manufactured adhesive-backed skins (using The Sharklet pattern) that may be adhered to high-touch areas to cut back the transfer of bacteria among people. They have also developed the Sharklet Urinary Catheter to help reduce hospital-acquired infections.

Once again, whether they recognize it or not, many scientists and engineers are looking to God’s designs in nature for solutions to modern day problems.

1 Information for this blog derived from http://www.sharklet.com/technology/

 

Lanny Johnson

If you would like to see if an AOI seminar is right for you, or you would like to help the work of Alpha Omega Institute, please visit our website events page or our donate page. Keep up to date with what AOI is doing.  Thanks for your partnership.