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Box-Like Aerodynamic Car

The Bionic Car

When I first saw a picture of the Mercedes-Benz bionic concept vehicle, I had to laugh. In my view, it was quite comical, as far as cars go. All humor aside though, the boxy, rectangular body of the Bionic Car is a very efficient design.

As it turns out, the engineers at Mercedes-Benz were looking for a new aerodynamic design in a car. They found their inspiration in the tropical boxfish (Ostracion Cubicus) that lives in warm ocean waters. Although the rather large body of the boxfish appears to be cumbersome, it is able to swim very fast because of its low coefficient of drag and rigid exoskeleton.

The BoxfishBy modeling their concept car from the overall shape of the boxfish, the engineers designed a vehicle that had one of the lowest co-efficient of drag ever tested.

The 2005 model of the Bionic Car was able to reach a top speed of 118 miles per hour, while getting an astounding 70 miles per gallon fuel economy. Not only does the aerodynamic shape give the car a highly efficient fuel performance, its rectangular frame adds stability.

Once again, through biomimicry, engineers have examined God’s creation and applied what they have learned to make efficient products we can use.

 

Lanny Johnson

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Rejecting the Current Concept of Macro-Evolution

  world view

This is the last excerpt of a series I have been sharing on my blog taken from, “Truth and Science – Is Real Science At Risk?,” an article by Dr. Arv Edgeworth*.

“There are 3 basic scientific reasons I reject the current concept of macro-evolution, although I acknowledge that micro-evolution takes place on a regular basis: 

  1. The laws of science are in disagreement with it.

            The first and second laws of thermodynamics

            The law of biogenesis

            The law of cause and effect

            The law of inertia 

 

  1. The two mechanisms actually work against it. Rather than helping a life form change into something else, scientifically, natural selection seems more likely to help it remain the same.  Mutations are harmful and cause a net loss of information over time.

 

  1. I believe there is a better answer for the fossil record that fits the evidence better. Catastrophism, like the scientists in the mid-1800s believed.  I believe hydrologic sorting should be given more consideration.

Would considering this possibility completely revolutionize science as we now know it?

 The Real Reason?

I hope this isn’t the case: but could there be a philosophical reason why many accept the current concept of macro-evolution?  Is it possible that some may just embrace it because they fear what they consider to be the only alternative, and psychologically have a certain amount of fear concerning the future?  Would it make a difference if there were no fear of death or possible future judgment of any kind?  There really doesn’t have to be.  Sometimes that can have a subconscious effect on us and we don’t even realize it.  What if we could eliminate that fear from the equation?

Worldviews are sometimes like wearing a pair of sunglasses….  We forget we have them on, and sometimes we tend to react in a negative manner if someone else tries to remove them.  In a perfect world, the interpretation of scientific evidence would never be affected by our pre-conceived biases.  I’m not sure that is realistically possible today.  We all have a worldview, and we tend to view everything in light of that, even though we may deny, to ourselves at least, that we have the philosophical sunglasses on.”

Thank you Dr. ARV Edgeworth for the very valid questions and conclusions in your article!

 

* www.truthandscience.net - website of Dr. Arv Edgeworth

 

Lanny Johnson

If you would like to see if an AOI seminar is right for you, or you would like to help the work of Alpha Omega Institute, please visit our website events page or our donate page. Keep up to date with what AOI is doing.  Thanks for your partnership.

The Origin of Life, Mutations and Natural Selection

 

Has Science and the Scientific Method been misused? That was a question asked in my blog Elusive Transitional Forms. The following is another excerpt taken from “Truth and Science – Is Real Science At Risk?”, an article by Dr. Arv Edgeworth*.  Ponder the questions he poses at the end and consider – are these viable questions that should be asked, and if they are being asked today or have been asked in the past?

 

The Origin of Life

From Goo to YouHave you noticed lately the tendency in science books to no longer consider Biogenesis a Law of Science? Has any new evidence or experimentation given reason to question this as a law of science? No. Could it be because it is just in conflict with abiogenesis?  Is it possible that some educators just don’t want abiogenesis to be in opposition to a known Law of Science, so they attempt to downgrade Biogenesis from a “Law” status?  Is that what is happening? If it is, will that have a negative effect on the scientific process?

Are these reasonable questions that should be asked?

1.  “Isn’t Biogenesis a law of science?” (Life only comes from other life)

2.  “Is the hypothesis of abiogenesis (life from non-life) scientific?” (Has it ever been observed?)

3.  “If chemical evolution isn’t happening today, how do we know it happened in the past?”

 

Personally, whether it is the beginning of the universe, or the beginning of life, I think we should discuss “origins” in another venue, not the science classroom.  Why even have it in the textbooks?

 

Mutations and Natural Selection

Mutations are random chance happenings. They are not supposed to be directional.  One beneficial mutation is supposed to be extremely rare, and almost unheard of. But a series of these occurring that took an irritation on the skin of an early life form through a totally non-directed process until humans have two eyes, that depend upon about 40 individual subsystems, that all have to be connected to a brain, to allow us to see; is an occurrence that would seem to be mathematically impossible to say the least. Before this would occur, shouldn’t there be such an accumulation of non-beneficial mutations that the life form would already be extinct? 

Are these reasonable questions that should be asked?

1.  “Aren’t mutations almost always harmful?”

2.  “Don’t mutations usually cause a net loss of information over time?”

3.  “Wouldn’t mutations usually be the least likely to survive?”

 

Should scientists be looking for another possibility?  Are some perhaps allowing their philosophical worldview to affect their science perspective? Or is there another reason?

 

Once again, good questions to ponder.

 

*www.truthandscience.net - website of Dr. Arv Edgeworth.

 

Lanny Johnson

If you would like to see if an AOI seminar is right for you, or you would like to help the work of Alpha Omega Institute, please visit our website events page or our donate page. Keep up to date with what AOI is doing.  Thanks for your partnership.

Elusive Transitional Forms

 

Geologic Time Chart

Geologic Time Chart

Has Science and the Scientific Method been misused? That was a question asked in my blog – Scientific laws and the Big Bang.  The following is another excerpt taken from “Truth and Science – Is Real Science At Risk?” an article by Dr. Arv Edgeworth*.  Ponder the questions he poses at the end and consider – are these viable questions that should be asked, and if they are being asked today or have been asked in the past?

 

The Fossil Record

Consider the following statement:

“Working with an incomplete fossil record is something like trying to put together a jigsaw puzzle with pieces missing.  But after the puzzle is together, even with missing pieces, you will probably still understand the overall picture.”

Glencoe Biology 2006, p. 400

 

How incomplete is it?  2/3 of Earth’s land surface has only 5 or fewer of the 12 geologic periods in place.  80-85% of Earth’s land surface does not have even 3 geologic periods appearing in “correct” consecutive order.

 

Stephen J. Gould admitted: “The extreme rarity of transitional forms in the fossil record persists as the trade secret of paleontology, the evolutionary trees that adorn our textbooks have data only at the tips and nodes of their branches; the rest is inference, however reasonable, not the evidence of fossils.”

Stephen J. Gould, Natural History, Vol. 86, pgs 22, 30

 

He also admitted: “The absence of fossil evidence for intermediary stages between major transitions in organic design, indeed our inability, even in our imagination, to construct functional intermediates in many cases, has been a persistent and nagging problem for gradualistic accounts of evolution.”

Gould, S. J., in Evolution Now: A Century After Darwin, ed. John Maynard Smith, Macmillan, New York, p. 140, 1982

 

Niles Eldridge said: “Paleontologists ever since Darwin have been searching (largely in vain) for the sequences of insensibly graded series of fossils that would stand as examples of the sort of wholesale transformation of species that Darwin envisioned as the natural product of the evolutionary process.  Few saw any reason to demur- though it is a startling fact that, most species remain recognizably themselves, virtually unchanged throughout their occurrence in geological sediments of various ages.”

Eldredge, Niles, “Progress in Evolution?” New Scientist, vol. 110 (June 5, 1986), p. 55

 

Are these reasonable questions that should be asked?

1.  “Is the actual fossil evidence anything like the chart?”

2.  “What about the absence of transitional fossils?”

3.  “Are there any fossils clearly in transition?”

 

Is there another explanation that should be explored?

 

These are again good questions Dr. Arv Edgeworth has posed.

*www.truthandscience.net - website of Dr. Arv Edgeworth.

 

Lanny Johnson

 

If you would like to see if an AOI seminar is right for you, or you would like to help the work of Alpha Omega Institute, please visit our website events page or our donate page. Keep up to date with what AOI is doing.  Thanks for your partnership.

Fuzzy Dinosaurs

 

I received an Email from Terry Beh, who is the author of a new kid’s book on Dinosaurs which we sell at seminars. It is called T is for T.Rex - Some of Gods Most Amazing Creatures from A-Z. (Available from AOI for $20 includes shipping, just mention in the comments that you saw it here).

Terry Beh mentioned, in his email, that he has just recently visited the Witte Museum in San Antonio. Currently the museum is featuring a traveling exhibit on dinosaurs. Terry was certainly “impressed” with the amount of artwork, but also noted a definite lack of actual evidence for that artwork in the exhibits. It is evident that the main thrust of the exhibit is to convince all the kids who come to the displays that dinosaurs evolved into birds – despite the lack of solid evidence. Why the big push?  I think it is to help children connect with evolution at the youngest possible age. Since dinosaurs are always a huge attraction to kids, start them off with a bang by introducing them to the idea of evolution through dino’s evolving into birds.  Here is what Terry wrote:

Would you believe feathers on a T.rex? How about Velociraptor? I’m talking long, stringy, hair-like stuff that evolutionists are calling “protofeathers”–and that make some of these dinosaurs look like refugees from a nightmarish hippie convention. This is exactly what I found recently at a new dinosaur exhibit at the Witte (“witty”) Museum in San Antonio, where the latest in secular scientific propag…er, that is, education, is on display at an exhibit called, “Dinosaurs: Bigger, Better, Feathered…”. To read the whole story, read my article, “Museum’s Dinosaur Exhibit Not Too Witte,” at http://tisfortrex.com/?p=383.

Parents, make sure you understand the hype, and the rationale for that hype, so that you can guide your children correctly in truth!

 

Dave Nutting

If you would like to see if an AOI seminar is right for you, or you would like to help the work of Alpha Omega Institute, please visit our website events page or our donate page. Keep up to date with what AOI is doing.  Thanks for your partnership.

Using the Technology of the Gecko

 

 

Does the GripGo Phone Mount work?

A gecko is an amazing lizard that can stick to almost any surface, even when inverted on a mirrored ceiling. It is able to do this because of an amazing foot design.

The ribbed pads on the bottom of the gecko’s feet are covered with very tiny hair like bristles called setae. These setae (1/10th mm long) are packed tightly together (three million per square inch or 5,000 per square millimeter), and each seta has about 400 to 1,000 branches that resemble tiny (0.2-0.5 microns or less than 1/50,000 in. long) spatula-shaped prongs.

It appears that the sticking power of the setae is due to weak short-range bonds between molecules, known as Van der Waals forces. One of the requirements for these weak forces to work is a very large contact area between the foot and surface. The huge number of spatula on the foot provides the needed contact. Millions of weak forces add up to a very strong force.

Biologists and engineers tested the adhesive force of one seta and found it was strong enough to hold up an ant. A million setae could carry the weight of a small child!

The gecko must also be able to unstick his foot quickly as it walks – after all, what good is a sticky foot if you can’t move? By using a complicated blood reservoir system, see an article we wrote called The Grand Design of a Gecko, and uncurling and unpeeling of its toes, the gecko is able to walk or run along!

 

GripGo Technology

Today, scientists and engineers have been inspired by the ‘natural technology of gecko foot hairs’ and developed ‘remarkably effective adhesives’. Two robot ‘champion climbers’ have been developed with sticky feet that walk the way geckos do by using an uncurling and unpeeling action.

I recently bought, “as seen on TV,” the GripGo-Phone-Mount. It has a large suction cup that attaches to your windshield. On the end of a swivel mechanism, it has a green sticky adhesive pad to which you are able to stick a mobile phone, Ipod, or other smooth device.  To remove you ‘simply’ lift from one side and peel the device off. How is this possible? The manufacture claims that “The secret is a unique polymer surface that acts as millions of suction cups that instantly grip and release over and over again.” In other words – Gecko Technology.  And it works … if you keep the sticky surface clean! Amazingly, the gecko’s feet are self-cleaning. Scientists are still trying to find out how geckos do that.

Once again, whether they recognize it or not, many scientists and engineers are looking to God’s designs in nature for solutions to modern day problems.

 

Lanny Johnson

If you would like to see if an AOI seminar is right for you, or you would like to help the work of Alpha Omega Institute, please visit our website events page or our donate page. Keep up to date with what AOI is doing.  Thanks for your partnership.

Scientific Laws and the Big Bang

 

Has Science and the Scientific Method been misused? The following is an excerpt taken from “Truth and Science – Is Real Science At Risk?” an article by Dr. Arv Edgeworth*.  Ponder the questions he poses at the end, and consider – are these viable questions that should be asked, and if they are being asked today or have been asked in the past?

The Origin of Space, Time, Matter, and Energy

The idea that space, time, matter, and energy have always existed has been pretty much rejected by the scientific community, because the Second Law of Thermodynamics  indicates matter and energy are deteriorating.  Matter and energy would have already reached maximum decay by now, so just about everyone no longer considers that idea a viable possibility.  Almost all scientists today believe the universe had a beginning.

Northern Illinois University – Department of Biological Sciences states it this way: “Starting from the beginning, as it is currently thought of:  the Universe came into being about 15 billion years ago, with the sudden appearance of all the matter and energy in the Universe as a single very hot and dense point: the Big Bang.  How this happened, and what came before, is a matter of complete speculation.  Our history began then, and we have no scientific evidence of anything before then.”

But what about the idea that at one time there was a state of absolute “nothingness”?  It is now determined that the universe had a beginning.  At one point there was no space, time, matter, or energy. 

Newton’s Law of Inertia

This law indicates that if something is in a state of rest, it will remain in that state, unless acted upon by an outside agent.  If something is in uniform motion in a straight line, it will remain in that state unless it is compelled to change that state by forces impressed upon it from without, such as gravity.

At one point there was supposed to be a state of perfect “nothingness,” or perfect “rest.”  According to the Law of Inertia, that should not change unless it is acted upon by an outside force, or agent, when supposedly none existed. 

The Law of Cause and Effect

The Law of Cause and Effect is one of the best documented principles of science and of everyday experience.  “Behind every effect is a cause, greater and more complex than the effect itself.”  The proposal of the Big Bang Theory indicates an effect only.  What is that “cause” that is greater and more complex than the effect itself?

Are these reasonable questions that should be asked?

1. “Scientifically, can you have an explosion without energy?”

2.  “If there was no matter, what exploded?”

3.  “According to the First Law of Thermodynamics , can something come from nothing?”

 

These are good questions Dr. Arv Edgeworth has posed. A question I would add – is the evolutionary cosmology of the Big Bang based on Science or on Faith?

Some suggested further reading on these Laws of Science can be found at:

 

*www.truthandscience.net

 

Lanny Johnson

If you would like to see if an AOI seminar is right for you, or you would like to help the work of Alpha Omega Institute, please visit our website events page or our donate page. Keep up to date with what AOI is doing.  Thanks for your partnership.

Why all the hype about finding water on Mars?

 

Why all the hype about finding water on Mars? Below are some quotes from articles about finding evidence of water on Mars.

 

“Mars once had conditions favorable for microbial life, NASA scientists announced”

“It shows veins of sediments that scientist believe were deposited under water and was an environment once hospitable to life.”

“We have found a habitable environment that is so benign, and supportive of life, that probably if this water was around and you had been on the planet, you would have been able to drink it,”

“The question about habitability goes just beyond the simple observation of water on Mars to recreating the environments in greater detail, with an understanding of the chemistry that was going on at that time, to ask if this is the kind of place that micro-organisms could’ve lived,”

“There is life virtually wherever there is liquid water on Earth, and the possibility that there were once oceans on Mars leads many to wonder if life ever evolved on Mars and, if so, whether it might be extant. Answering these questions might help shed light on how common life may or may not be in the rest of the universe.”

 

It seems to me these people are wanting to find water on Mars so they can speculate if life evolved there, since we know it cannot evolve here on earth.  Where there is water, there must be life… right?  Not necessarily.  Through decades of scientific research, scientists have developed the ‘Law of Biogenesis,’ which states that life can only come from pre-existing life.  People used to believe in the myth, or faith statement, of abiogenesis (spontaneous generation), but science has disproven this false idea.

So the only way life could be on Mars is either it was brought there from earth by our Mars rovers or space probes for example, somehow the material from earth made its way there, or God created it there.  I doubt the truth of the latter idea, because as I study Scripture, I do not see any indication of God making life anywhere else in the universe except here on earth.   But with the scientific knowledge provided by the ‘Law of Biogenesis,’ we know it could not have evolved there.

 

Rich Stepanek

If you would like to see if an AOI seminar is right for you, or you would like to help the work of Alpha Omega Institute, please visit our website events page or our donate page. Keep up to date with what AOI is doing.  Thanks for your partnership.

Water on Mars!

 

Lately there have been a number of articles on the web, tv, and in newspapers, stating: Flowing Water on Mars? Strange Red Planet Features Stir Debate; Mars Water Mystery: NASA Rover’s Ancient Streambed Discovery Is the Latest ClueThe 2,000-pound Mars rover, Curiosity, has been sending back information and images of what looks like sedimentary rock layers that were laid down by water. Also, what looks like evidence for an ancient, flowing stream on Mars, as well as evidence of lakes and oceans.

They are excited about this information, and rightfully so, but it should not be unexpected or surprising.  As we study Genesis chapter one, God makes everything directly or indirectly out of water.  So with this knowledge, we should see evidence that at one time there was probably an abundance of water on Mars.  Today, water on Mars is usually only in the solid or gaseous state, and not in the liquid state, because of the planet’s low atmospheric pressure being about 1/100th of Earth’s.  With this low pressure, liquid water will not last long on the planet’s surface. So there is evidence that at one time there was liquid water on the surface of Mars. But why all the hype? We will touch on this with my next blog.

 

Richard Stepanek

If you would like to see if an AOI seminar is right for you, or you would like to help the work of Alpha Omega Institute, please visit our website events page or our donate page. Keep up to date with what AOI is doing.  Thanks for your partnership.

Answered Prayers

 

Last summer we took our 6 year old (at that time) grandson to a local Bible camp where we were teaching. We were blessed to be able to lead him to the Lord that week. We were also blessed to be there for his professing his faith through baptism just last month.

Last Easter our oldest granddaughter (now 6 years old) gave her life to the Lord, and this past Sunday at her church she went forward requesting baptism. She will be baptized on Easter morning!

This is answered prayer for me and my wife. You see, I never prayed for my children’s salvation, because both were saved before I became a believer. However, since I put my faith and trust in Jesus, I have continuously prayed for my grandchildren, that they might also accept the saving grace of Jesus Christ.

God has answered my prayers for three of my grandchildren! The remaining two are still very young, but I will continue to pray for them!

 “Children’s children are the crown of old men;” Pr 17:6a

 

Lanny Johnson

If you would like to see if an AOI seminar is right for you, or you would like to help the work of Alpha Omega Institute, please visit our website events page or our donate page. Keep up to date with what AOI is doing.  Thanks for your partnership.